Sunday, August 12, 2012

Persons and Family Relations Course Syllabus


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
College of Law
Sta. Mesa, Manila



COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FAMILY RELATIONS



  1. THE CONSTITUTION AND THE  REGULATION OF FAMILY RELATIONS

  1. The Family (Art. 15, 1987 Constitution)

  1. Policy of protection and government support to family.  (Art. 2, Sec. 12, 1987 Constitution)

  1. Equal Protection. (Art. 2, Sec. 14: Article 2, Section 1, 1987 Constitution)

  1. MARRIAGE


  1. Definition and Nature of Marriage (Art. 1, FC)

  1. Breach of Promise to Marry (Arts. 19-21, 2176, NCC)

Case:
  • Wassmer vs. Velez, 12 SCRA 648
  • Tanjanco vs. CA, 18 SCRA 994
  • De Jesus vs. Syquia, 58 Phil 866
  • Gashem Shookat Baksh vs. CA 219 SCRA 115
  • Constantino vs. Mendez, 209 SCRA 18
  • Selanova vs. Mendoza, 64 SCRA 69

  1. Requisites of Marriage

  1. Essential (Art. 2, FC)

  1. Legal capacity, male and female
  1. Persons who may contract marriage (Arts. 5, 21, FC)
  2. Impediments to contracting marriage (Arts. 37, 38, FC)

  1. Consent freely given

  1. Formal

  1. Authority of the solemnizing officer [Arts. 7, 10, 31, 32, 35 (2), FC]

Case:
  • Navarro vs. Domagtoy, 129 SCRA 259

  1. Marriage License

  1. General Rule: required
  1. Issuance (Arts. 9, 24, FC)
  2. Marriages between Filipino citizens abroad (Art. 10, FC)
  3. Contents of application (Art.11, FC)
  4. Documents required for issuance (Art.12, FC)
  5. Additional requirement if party previously married (Art.13, FC)
  6. Parental consent (Arts. 14, 16, FC)
  7. Parental advice (Arts. 15, 16, FC)
  8. Publication (Arts. 17, FC)
  9. In case of alleged impediment (Art. 18, FC)
  10. Fees (Art.19, FC)
  11. Validity (Art.20)
  12. Certificate of capacity (Art. 21)

Case:
      • People vs. Janssenn, 54 Phil 176

  1. Exceptions: Marriages Exempt from License Requirement
  1. In articulo mortis (Arts. 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, FC)
  2. Remote locations (Arts. 28, 29, 30, FC)
  3. Among ethnic groups (Art. 33, FC)
  4. Cohabitation for 5 years (Art. 34, FC)

Case:
      • Cosca vs. Palaypayon, A.M. No. MTJ-92-721 September 30, 1994
      • Manzano vs. Sanchez, A.M. No. MTJ-00-1329, March 8, 2001
      • RP vs. Dayot, G.R. No. 175581, March 28, 2008

  1. Marriage Ceremony
  1. Form (Art. 6, FC) – Marriage Certificate (Arts. 22, 23, FC)
  2. Venue (Art. 8, FC)

Case:
  • Balogbog vs. CA, 259 SCRA 269

  1. Effect of non-compliance with requisites (Art. 4, FC)

    1. Absence of an essential requisite: void
    2. Absence of a formal requisite: void, except: good faith (Art. 35 (2), FC)
    3. Defect in an essential requisite: voidable (Art. 45, FC)
    4. Irregularity in a formal requisite: Liability of person responsible for irregularity (Sec. 38, Act No. 3613)

  1. Presumption of Marriage (Art. 220, CC; Sec. 3 (aa), Rule 131, ROC)

Case:
  • Trinidad vs. CA, 289 SCRA 188
  • Vda de Jacob vs. CA, 312 SCRA 772, G.R. No. 135216, August 19, 1999

  1. Marriage solemnized outside the Philippines (Art. 26, FC)

  1. General rule: lex loci celebrationis
  2. Exceptions: Minority, bigamy/polygamy, mistake of identity, psychological incapacity, incest, public policy, same sex

  1. Divorce of a Filipino by an alien spouse.  (Art. 26, FC)

Case:
  • Tenchavez vs. Escano, 15 SCRA 25
  • Pilapil vs. Ibay-Somera, 174 SCRA 653
  • Llorente vs. CA, G.R. No. 124371, November 23, 2000
  • Republic v Orbecido, GR 154380, October 5, 2005

  1. VOID AND VOIDABLE MARRIAGED

      1. Void marriages

        1. Grounds
  1. Minority [Art. 35 (1), FC]
  2. No authority of solemnizing officer [Art. 35 (2), FC)], except: good faith of one party
  3. No license [Art. 35 (3), FC], except: marriages exempt from license requirement (Arts. 27-34, FC)

Case:
  • Republic vs. CA, 236 SCRA 257
  • Nińal vs. Bayadog, G.R. No. 133778, March 14, 2000

  1. Bigamous and polygamous marriages [Art. 35(4), FC], exception: absence of prior spouse (Art. 41, FC)
  2. Mistake of identity [Art. 35(5), FC]
  3. Non-compliance with recording requirements [Arts. 35(6), 40,52, 53, FC]
  4. Psychological incapacity (Art. 36, FC)

Case:
  • Republic vs. Nolasca, 220 SCRA 20
  • Republic vs. Matias-Dagdag, G.R. No. 109975, February 9, 2001
  • Santos vs. CA, 240 SCRA 20
  • Chi-Ming Tsoi vs. CA, 266 SCRA 324
  • Marcos vs. Marcos, G.R. No. 136490, October 19, 2000
  • Antonio vs. Reyes, G.R. No. 155800, March 10, 2006
  • Perez-Ferraris vs. Ferraris, G.R. No. 162368, July 17, 2006
  • Bier vs. Bier, G.R. No. 173294, February 27, 2008
  • Te vs. Te, G.R. No. 161793, February 13, 2009

  1. Incest (Art. 37, FC)
  2. Public policy (Art. 38, FC)
  3. Catch-all: absence of any essential or formal requisite (Art.4, FC)

        1. Prescriptive period of action/defense for declaration of absolute nullity (Art. 39, FC as amended by E.O 227 and by RA 8533)

        1. Judicial declaration of nullity (Art. 40, FC)

Case:
  • Domingo vs. CA, 226 SCRA 572
  • Wiegel vs. Sempio-Diy, 143 SCRA 499
  • Valdes vs. RTC, 260 SCRA 221

        1. Bigamous marriage when prior spouse has been absent (Art. 41, FC)
  1. General rule on bigamous marriages [Art. 35(4), FC]
  2. Waiting period
  3. Waiting period under extraordinary circumstances (Art. 391, NCC)
  4. Declaration of presumptive death
  5. Reappearance of prior spouse (Art. 42, FC)
  6. Effect of termination of subsequent marriage (Art. 43, FC)
  7. Effect if both spouses of subsequent marriage in bad faith (Art. 44, FC)

Case:
  • Nicdao Carińo vs. Yee Carińo, G.R. No. 132529, February 2, 2001
  • Mercado vs. Mercado, G.R. No. 137110, August 1, 2000

      1. Voidable marriages

        1. Grounds
  1. No parental consent where required [Art. 45 (1), FC]
  2. Unsound mind [Art. 45 (2), FC]
  3. Fraud [Art. 45(3), FC]
  4. Force, intimidation, undue influence [Art. 45 (4), FC]
  5. Impotence [Art. 45 (5), FC]

Case:
  • Jimenez vs. Cańizares, G.R. No. L-12790, August 31,1960
  • Menciano vs. San Jose, G.R. No. L-1967, May 28, 1951

  1. Serious incurable sexually transmissible disease [Art. 45(6), FC]
  2. Catch-all: Defect in any essential requisite (Art.4, FC)

Case:
  • Aquino vs. Delizo, 109 Phil 21
  • Anaya vs. Palaroan, 36 SCRA 97
  • Buccat vs. Mangonon de Buccat, 72 Phil 19
  • Contreras vs. Macaraig, 33 SCRA 222
  • Samosa-Ramos vs. Vamenta 46 SCRA 11

        1. Persons entitled to file action for annulment (Art. 47, FC)
        2. Prescriptive periods (Art. 47, FC)
        3. Ratification (Art. 45(1) 45 (2) 45 (3), FC]

      1. Common Provisions: Effects
        1. Safeguards against collusion (Art. 48, FC)
        2. Support and custody during pendency of action (Art. 49, FC)
        3. Application of Arts. 43(2), 43(3), 43(4) 43(5) and Art. 44 to marriages declared void ab initio or annulled by final judgment under Arts. 40 and 45, FC
        4. Delivery of presumptive legitimes (Art. 51, FC)
        5. Recording requirement (Art. 52, FC)
        6. Effects on children (Art. 54, FC)
        7. Name and surname (Art. 371, NCC)

  1. LEGAL SEPARATION

  1. Grounds (Art. 55, FC)

Case:
  • Gandionco vs. Peńaranda, 155 SCRA 725
  • Dela Cruz vs. Dela Cruz, 22 SCRA 333
  • Partosa-Jo vs. CA, 216 SCRA 692

  1. Defenses (Art. 56, FC)

Case:
  • Ocampo vs. Florenciano, 107 Phil 35
  • Brown vs. Yambao, 102 Phil 168
  • Bugayong vs. Ginez, 100 Phil 620
  • Matubis vs. Parexedes, 109 Phil 620

  1. Prescriptive Period (Art. 57, FC)

  1. Other requirements
  1. Steps towards reconciliation (Art. 58, FC)
  2. Safeguards against collusion (Art. 60, FC)

  1. Consequence of filing of petitions for legal separation
  1. Entitlement to live separately (Art. 61, FC)
  2. Administration of absolute community/conjugal partnership property (Art. 61, FC)
  3. Custody and support (Arts. 62 and 49, FC)

Case:
  • De la Vina vs. Villareal, 41 Phil 13
  • Reyes vs. Ines-Luciano, 88 SCRA 803
  • Lapuz-Sy vs. Eufemio, 43 SCRA 177

  1. Effects of decree
  1. Separate bed and board [Art. 63 (1), FC]
  2. Dissolution and liquidation of community property [Arts. 63 (2) and 43 (2)]
  3. Custody (Arts. 63 (3) and 213, FC)
  4. Effects on succession [Art. 63 (4), FC]
  5. Revocation of donations/insurance benefit (Art. 64, FC)
  1. Manner of revoking
  2. Prescriptive period
  1. Name and surname (Art. 372, NCC)

Case:
  • Matute vs. Macadalo, 99 Phil 340
  • Laperal vs. Republic, 6 SCRA 357
  • Macadangdang vs. CA, 108 SCRA 314

  1. Reconciliation
  1. Joint manifestation (Art. 65, FC)
  2. Consequences (Art. 66, FC)
  3. Option to revive property regime (Art. 67, FC)

  1. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE

  1. Personal obligation of spouses (Art. 68, FC)
  2. Fixing of family domicile. (Art. 69, FC)
  3. Joint responsibility of Support (Art. 70, FC compared with Art. 117 of CC; Art. 199-200, FC)
  4. Household management. (Art. 71, compare with Art. 115 of NCC)
  5. Exercise of Profession (Art. 73, compare with Art. 117, CC); See RA No. 7192, Women in Development and Nation Building Act)
  6. Use of Surname (Arts. 370, 373, 377, 378, NCC); See RA No. 9048
  7. Relief (Art. 72)

Cases:
  • Gotia vs. Campos Rueda, 35 Phil 252
  • Tenchavez vs. Escano, 17 SCRA 674
  • Lilius vs. Manila Road, 59 Phil 758
  • Narag vs. Narag, 291 SCRA 451
  • Dadivas vs. Villanueva, 52 Phil 952
  • Arroyo vs. Vasquez de Arroyo, 42 Phil 54

  1. PROPERTY RELATIONS

  1. General Provisions, Marriage Settlements (Arts. 74-81, FC)

  1. Donations Proper Nuptials (Arts. 82-87, FC); Compare with Ordinary Donations (Arts. 752-782 of NCC)

  1. Absolute Community of Property
  1. General provisions (Arts. 88-90, FC)
  2. Community Property and Exclusions (Arts. 91-92, FC)
  3. Charges and obligations (Arts. 94-95, FC)
  4. Administration and enjoyment (Art. 96)
  5. Disposition and Waivers (Arts. 89, 77, 97-98, FC)
  6. Liquidation (Arts. 102-104, FC)

Case:
  • Onas vs. Javillo, 59 Phil 733
  • Vda de Delizo vs. Delizo, 69 SCRA 216

  1. Conjugal  Partnership of Gains
  1. General provisions (Arts. 105-108, FC)
  2. Exclusive property (Arts. 109-115, FC)

Case:
  • Rodriguez vs. Dela Cruz, 8 Phil 665
  • People’s Bank and Trust Co. vs. Register of Deeds, 60 Phil 167
  • Philippine Sugar vs. Poizat, 48 Phil 536

  1. Conjugal Partnership Property (Arts. 116-120, FC)

Case:
  • Jocson vs. CA, 170 SCRA 333
  • Francisco vs. CA, 299 SCRA 188
  • Zulueta vs. Pan Am, 49 SCRA 1
  • Mendoza vs. Reyes, 124 SCRA 154

  1. Charges and Obligations (Arts. 121-123, FC)

Case:
  • DBP vs. Adil, 161 SCRA 307
  • Ayala Investmen vs. Ching, 286 SCRA 273

  1. Administration (Arts. 124-125, FC)

Case:
  • Guiang vs. CA, 291 SCRA 372
  • Jader-Manalo vs. Camaisa, 274 SCRA 498

  1. Dissolution (Arts. 126-128, FC)
  2. Liquidation (Arts. 129-133, FC)

Case:
  • Santero vs. CFI of Cavite, 153 SCRA 728

  1. Separation of Property and Administration of Common Property by One Spouse

  1. Judicial Separation (Arts. 134-135, FC)

Case:
  • Partosa-Jo vs. CA, 216 SCRA 692
  • Dela Cruz vs. Dela Cruz, 22 SCRA 333

  1. Voluntary Separation (Art. 136, FC)

Case:
  • Lacson vs. San Jose, 24 SCRA 837

  1. Liquidation and Dissolution of Property (Arts. 137, 142, FC)

  1. Sole Administration of other spouse’s property (Art. 142, FC)

  1. Regime of Separate Property (Arts. 143-146, FC)

  1. Property Regimes of Unions without Marriage (Arts. 147-148, FC)

Case:
  • Agapatay vs. Palang, 276 SCRA 340
  • Yaptinchay vs. Torres, 28 SCRA 489
  • Vda de Conseguera vs. GSIS, 27 SCRA 315

  1. THE FAMILY

  1. Members of a Family
  1. Nature (Arts. 149-151, FC; Art. 2035 CC)

Case:
  • Mendoza vs. Bionson, 80 SCRA 82
  • Guerrero vs. RTC, 229 SCRA 274
  • Hontiveros vs. RTC, 309 SCRA 340

  1. Support (Art. 195-208, FC)
  1. Support (Art. 194, FC)
  2. Persons obliged to give support (Arts. 195-196, FC)
  3. Order of liability (Art. 199, FC)
  4. Properties liable for support (Art.197, FC)
  5. Support pendent lite (Arts. 198, 203, FC)
  6. Division and order in case of joint obligation (Art. 200, FC)
  7. Amount, demandability, manner of fulfillment, adjustments (Arts. 201-204, 208, FC)
  8. Exemption from attachment, exception to the rules (Arts. 205, 208, FC)
  9. Support by third persons (Arts. 206-207, FC)

Case:
  • De Asis vs. CA, 303 SCRA 176
  • Lim vs. Lim, G.R. No. 163209, October 30, 2009

  1. Funerals (Art. 305-310, NCC)

  1. The Family Home

Case:
  • Modequillo vs. Breva 185 SCRA 766
  • Taneo vs. CA 304 SCRA 308


  1. PATERNITY AND FILIATION

  1. Kinds of filiations (Art. 163, FC)

Case:
  • Perido vs. Perido, 63 SCRA 97

  1. Legitimate Children (Art. 146, FC)
  1. Impugning legitimacy

Case:
  • Republic vs. Labrador, 305 SCRA 438
  • People vs. Tumimpad, 235 SCRA 483
  • Benitez-Badua vs. CA, 299 SCRA 468

  1. Proving Filiations

Case:
  • Mendoza vs. CA, 201 SCRA 675
  • Heirs of R. Banas vs. Heirs of B. Banas, 134 SCRA 260
  • Mariategui vs. CA, 205 SCRA 675

  1. Action to claim legitimacy

  1. Rights of legitimate children

Case:
  • Republic vs. CA, 300 SCRA 1998
  • De Asis vs. CA, 303 SCRA 176

  1. Illegitimate Children
  1. Proof of filiations (Art. 175)

Case:
  • Aruego vs. CA, 254 SCRA 150
  • Jison vs. CA, 286 SCRA 495
  • Alberto vs. CA, 232 SCRA 745

  1. Rights of illegitimate children (See R.A. No. 9255, amending Art. 176, FC and R.A. No 8972, Solo Parents Welfare Act)

Case:
  • David vs. CA, 250 SCRA 82
  • People vs. Namaya, 246 SCRA 646
  • Republic vs. Abadilla, 302 SCRA 358

  1. Legitimated Children (Arts. 177-182, FC)

Case:
  • De los Santos vs. Luciano, 60 Phil 328
  • Ramirez vs. Gmur, 42 Phil 855

  1. ADOPTION

  1. Domestic Adoption (See R.A. No. 8552 and its IRR, Procedural Rules on Adoption, AM No. 02-6-02-SC) (Also, R.A. No. 9523, An Act Requiring the Certification of the DSWD to Declare a Child Legally Available for Adoption as a Pre-requisite for Adoption Proceedings)

  1. Policies (Sec. 2)

Case:
  • Republic vs. CA, Bobiles, 205 SCRA 356

  1. Definition of terms (Sec. 3)
  2. Pre-adoption services (Sec. 4, 5, 6)
  3. Eligibility
  1. Who may adopt (Sec. 7)
  2. Who may be adopted (Sec. 8)
  3. Required consents (Sec. 9)

Case:
  • In re Adoption of Edwin Villa, 21 SCRA 399
  • Republic vs. Toledano and Spouses Clave, 233 SCRA 9
  • Republic vs. Miller, 306 SCRA 183

  1. Procedures (Sec. 10, 11, 12, 15)

Case:
  • Lazatin vs. Campos, 92 SCRA 250
  • DSWD vs. Belen, 275 SCRA 645

  1. Decree of adoption (Sec. 13, 14)
  1. Effect on parental authority (Sec. 16)
  2. Legitimacy (Sec. 17)
  3. Succession (Sec.18)

Case:
  • Sayson vs. CA, 205 SCRA 321
  • Republic vs. Wong, 209 SCRA 189
  • Republic vs. Hernandez, 253 SCRA 509

  1. Rescission (Sec. 19, 20)
  2. Violations and penalties (Sec. 21, 22)
  3. Miscellaneous (Sec. 1, 23-28)

  1. Inter-Country Adoption (See R.A. No. 8043, Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 and its IRR)

  1. RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF PARENTS

  1. General Provisions (Arts. 209-215, FC) (See R.A. No. 8972, Solo Parents Welfare Act)

Case:
  • Santos vs. CA, 242 SCRA 407
  • Cang vs. CA, 296 SCRA 128
  • David vs. CA, 250 SCRA 82
  • Petition for Habeas Corpus of Minor Angelie Anne Cervantes, G.R. No. 79955, January 27, 1989, 169 SCRA 575

  1. Substitute and Special Parental Authority (Arts. 216-219, FC)

Case:
  • Amadora vs. CA, 160 SCRA 315
  • Vancil vs. Belmes, 358 SCRA 707

  1. Effects of Parental Authority (Arts. 220-226, FC)

Case:
  • Lindain vs. CA 212 SCRA 725
  • People vs. Silvano 309 SCRA 362

  1. Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority (Arts. 225-235, FC) (See Sec. 5-10, 27-28, 31-c, RA 7610 Anti-Child Abuse Act)

Case:
  • Chua vs. Cabangbang, 27 SCRA 791

  1. Summary Procedures (Art. 249-252) (See R.A. No. 8369, Family Courts Act of 1997)

  1. Rights of Parents

Case:
  • Silva vs. CA and Gonzales, 275 SCRA 604

  1. RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CHILDREN (Arts. 356-364, 375-376, NCC; Art. 129(a), 211, par. 2, 213, 226, FC; Arts. 3 and 4, P.D. 603)
  

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